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Estimated IV Potassium Supplementation Guidelines

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Estimated IV Potassium Supplementation Guidelines

- This table is a quick guideline for determining how much potassium (K+) supplementation to add per liter (L) fluid bag.

- The usual CRI (constant rate infusion) dosage for potassium (K+) supplementation is 0.1 to 0.2 mEq/kg/hr IV.

- The dosage should not exceed 0.5 mEq/kg/hr IV (which is known as Kmax), except in some very dire circumstances.

- Keep in mind that these ranges are estimates and intended to be used as guidelines only. Ranges vary slightly among sources.

- Remember to take into account a patient's individual circumstances and don't rely on the numbers alone.

- For potassium supplementation, assess renal (kidney) and cardiac (heart) function prior to use. Use extreme caution in patients with impaired renal function. Monitor cardiac function closely as arrhythmias may occur, especially at higher dosages.

- Monitor the patient and the patient's electrolytes frequently while on potassium supplementation, and adjust the dosage as needed.

- Remember that fluid rate affects the rate of potassium the patient receives. Therefore, to help avoid fatal hyperkalemia, pay close attention to the fluid rate, especially when changing the fluid rate after having added potassium.

- Never fluid bolus a patient using a fluid bag containing any potassium supplementation.

- Potassium chloride (KCl), the IV supplementation of choice, should never be given as a sole agent and must always be combined with IV fluids before administering to a patient.

- Remember to take into account that some fluid bags already contain potassium in them. For example, lactated ringers solution (LRS) already contains 4 mEq/L.

- Before adding the drug to the fluid bag, remember to remove the same volume of fluids from the fluid bag.

- Ensure that the type of fluids being used and possible additives in the fluid bag are compatible with the drug being added.

- Mix the fluid bag well to distribute the drug throughout.

- The information here does not cover all of the possible adverse effects, warnings, etc. Please refer to your drug resource for all information regarding this drug.

- This table is not intended to replace clinical judgement or guide individual care in any matter. Please check dosages prior to use and use at own risk. Neither Vetpocket, the authors nor any other party involved in the preparation, publication or distribution of any Vetpocket material shall be liable for any special, consequential or exemplary damages resulting in whole or part from any use of or reliance upon this information.

 

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Please note that all downloadable products sales, including this product, are final. Refunds can not be provided once downloaded, but if there is any issue with the download itself, we will correct it and ensure that you receive an updated copy.

Estimated IV Potassium Supplementation Guidelines

- This table is a quick guideline for determining how much potassium (K+) supplementation to add per liter (L) fluid bag.

- The usual CRI (constant rate infusion) dosage for potassium (K+) supplementation is 0.1 to 0.2 mEq/kg/hr IV.

- The dosage should not exceed 0.5 mEq/kg/hr IV (which is known as Kmax), except in some very dire circumstances.

- Keep in mind that these ranges are estimates and intended to be used as guidelines only. Ranges vary slightly among sources.

- Remember to take into account a patient's individual circumstances and don't rely on the numbers alone.

- For potassium supplementation, assess renal (kidney) and cardiac (heart) function prior to use. Use extreme caution in patients with impaired renal function. Monitor cardiac function closely as arrhythmias may occur, especially at higher dosages.

- Monitor the patient and the patient's electrolytes frequently while on potassium supplementation, and adjust the dosage as needed.

- Remember that fluid rate affects the rate of potassium the patient receives. Therefore, to help avoid fatal hyperkalemia, pay close attention to the fluid rate, especially when changing the fluid rate after having added potassium.

- Never fluid bolus a patient using a fluid bag containing any potassium supplementation.

- Potassium chloride (KCl), the IV supplementation of choice, should never be given as a sole agent and must always be combined with IV fluids before administering to a patient.

- Remember to take into account that some fluid bags already contain potassium in them. For example, lactated ringers solution (LRS) already contains 4 mEq/L.

- Before adding the drug to the fluid bag, remember to remove the same volume of fluids from the fluid bag.

- Ensure that the type of fluids being used and possible additives in the fluid bag are compatible with the drug being added.

- Mix the fluid bag well to distribute the drug throughout.

- The information here does not cover all of the possible adverse effects, warnings, etc. Please refer to your drug resource for all information regarding this drug.

- This table is not intended to replace clinical judgement or guide individual care in any matter. Please check dosages prior to use and use at own risk. Neither Vetpocket, the authors nor any other party involved in the preparation, publication or distribution of any Vetpocket material shall be liable for any special, consequential or exemplary damages resulting in whole or part from any use of or reliance upon this information.

 

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Estimated IV Potassium Supplementation Guidelines

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